Saturday, 19 April 2014

DESIGN OF CONCRETE STRUCTURES - 1 ( PUNJAB TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY QUESTION PAPERS)

DESIGN OF CONCRETE STRUCTURES - 1 PUNJAB TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY QUESTION PAPERS


This post includes  DESIGN OF CONCRETE STRCUTURES-1   PUNJAB TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY 
 Semester examinations Unsolved Question Papers for the reference of students & teachers.














CONSTRUCTION MACHINERY & WORKS MANAGEMENT ( PUNJAB TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY QUESTION/PAPERS)

CONSTRUCTION MACHINERY & WORKS MANAGEMENT  PUNJAB TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY  QUESTION/PAPERS


This post includes  CONSTRUCTION MACHINERY & WORKS MANAGEMENT  PUNJAB TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY 
 Semester examinations Unsolved Question Papers for the reference of students & teachers.


CONSTRUCTION MACHINERY & WORKS MANAGEMENT:  PUNJAB TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY QUESTION/PAPER-1


CONSTRUCTION MACHINERY & WORKS MANAGEMENT:  PUNJAB TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY QUESTION/PAPER-2


CONSTRUCTION MACHINERY & WORKS MANAGEMENT:  PUNJAB TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY QUESTION/PAPER-3


CONSTRUCTION MACHINERY & WORKS MANAGEMENT:  PUNJAB TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY QUESTION/PAPER-4


CONSTRUCTION MACHINERY & WORKS MANAGEMENT:  PUNJAB TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY QUESTION/PAPER-5

CONSTRUCTION MACHINERY & WORKS MANAGEMENT:  PUNJAB TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY QUESTION/PAPER-6


CONSTRUCTION MACHINERY & WORKS MANAGEMENT:  PUNJAB TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY QUESTION/PAPER-7

CONSTRUCTION MACHINERY & WORKS MANAGEMENT:  PUNJAB TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY QUESTION/PAPER-8


CONSTRUCTION MACHINERY & WORKS MANAGEMENT:  PUNJAB TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY QUESTION/PAPER-9


CONSTRUCTION MACHINERY & WORKS MANAGEMENT:  PUNJAB TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY QUESTION/PAPER-10


CONSTRUCTION MACHINERY & WORKS MANAGEMENT:  PUNJAB TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY QUESTION/PAPER-11

Saturday, 12 April 2014

BRICK MASONRY & STONE MASONRY - BUILDING MATERIAL & CONSTRUCTION

BRICK MASONRY & STONE MASONRY 


This post includes topics such as Terms used, Types of bonds & their merits and demerits,  rubble and ashlar joints in stone masonry, cement concrete hollow blocks and their advantages and disadvantage.
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MISCELLANEOUS TOPICS - BUILDING MATERIALS & CONSTRUCTION



MISCELLANEOUS TOPICS - PAINT , PLASTIC, GLASS, DISTEMPER



This post includes important miscellaneous topic of Building Material & Construction such as Paints, Distempering, Glass, Plastics.
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TIMBER - BUILDING MATERIAL & CONSTRUCTION

TIMBER


This post includes Structure of a tree , classification of trees, Defects in timber, Qualities of good a timber, Seasoning of timber , Decay of timber, Preservation of timber.

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DAMP PROOFING - BUILDING MATERIAL & CONSTRUCTION

DAMP PROOFING


This post includes  Sources, causes and bad effects of dampness, preventive measures for dampness in buildings.
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FOUNDATION - BUILDING MATERIAL & CONSTRUCTION


FOUNDATION & WALLS 


This post includes Definition, types of foundations, causes of failures of foundation and remedial measures ,Types of walls and thickness considerations.


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Concrete - BUILDING MATERIAL & CONSTRUCTION

CONCRETE

This post includes topics like Introduction, Constituents of concrete, Batching of materials, Manufacturing process of cement concrete, workability and factors affecting it, Methods to determine workability, segregation and bleeding of concrete, Strength of concrete and factors affecting it.
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I.S. CODE - 800 -2007 ( DESIGN OF STEEL STRUCTURE)

I.S. CODE - 800 -2007 ( DESIGN OF STEEL STRUCTURE)

I.S. CODE - 800 -2007 ( DESIGN OF STEEL STRUCTURE)

This code is very much useful for designing purpose.

FOR MORE DETAILS DOWNLOAD THIS FILE.


* THIS POST IS ONLY FOR STUDENTS & TEACHERS REFERENCE .
*NOT FOR COMMERCIAL USE.

I.S. CODE - 800 -1984 ( DESIGN OF STEEL STRUCTURE)

I.S. CODE - 800 -1984 ( DESIGN OF STEEL STRUCTURE)

This code is very much useful for designing purpose.

FOR MORE DETAILS DOWNLOAD THIS FILE.

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Monday, 31 March 2014

DIVERSION HEAD WORKS ( IRRIGATION ENGINEERING-2)

DIVERSION HEAD WORKS(IRRIGATION ENGINEERING-2)



This post includes topics like Functions and investigations: component parts of a diversion head work and their design considerations, silt control devices.

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CANAL FALLS (IRRIGATION ENGINEERING -2)

CANAL FALLS (IRRIGATION ENGINEERING -2)


This post includes topics like Necessity and location, types of falls and their description, selection of type of falls, Principles of design, Design of Sarda type, straight glacis and Inglis or baffle wall falls. 

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Sunday, 30 March 2014

CHARACTERISTICS & TESTING OF SEWAGE (ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING -2 / WASTER WATER ENGINEERING)

CHARACTERISTICS & TESTING OF SEWAGE 

ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING -2 / WASTER WATER ENGINEERING


This post includes topics like(Composition of sewage, sampling, physical & chemical analysis of sewerage, biological decomposition of sewage, kinetic of organic waste stabilization.)

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BONUS DOWNLOAD

*BONUS DOWNLOADS ARE ADDITIONAL INFORMATION ABOUT THE TOPIC.

HOUSE DRAINAGE (ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING -2 / WASTER WATER ENGINEERING)

            HOUSE DRAINAGE 

ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING -2 / WASTER WATER ENGINEERING



This post includes topics like( Principles of House drainage, traps, Inspection chamber Indian and European type W.C. Flushing cisterns, soil-waste and anti-syphonage pipes, plumbing system.)

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EVAPOTRANSPIRATION ( HYDROLOGY & DAMS)

     EVAPOTRANSPIRATION ( HYDROLOGY & DAMS)


 This post includes topics like Interception, Evapo-transptration and Infiltration: Factors affecting interception, evaporation from free water surfaces and from land surfaces, transpiration, Evapotranspiration.Infiltration Factors affecting infiltration, rate, Infiltration capacity and its determination.

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PRECIPITATION ( HYDROLOGY & DAMS)

       PRECIPITATION ( HYDROLOGY & DAMS)


This post includes topics like Introduction, Precipitation: Importance of hydrological data in water resources planning. Thhydrologic cycle. Mechanics of precipitation, types and causes, measurement by rain gauges Gauge net-works, hyetograph, averaging depth of precipitation over the basin, mass-rainfall curves, intensity duration frequency curves, depth area-duration curves. 
   .
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RUN OFF ( HYDROLOGY & DAMS)

            RUN OFF ( HYDROLOGY & DAMS)


This post includes topics like Factors affecting runoff, run-off hydrograph, unit hydrograph theory, S-curve hydrograph,  Synder’s synthetic unit hydrograph.

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Monday, 17 March 2014

REMOTE SENSING - GEOMATICS

            Remote Sensing

This post includes topics like Introduction, Basic Principles, Electromagnetic (EM) Energy Spectrum, EM Radiations and the Atmosphere, Interaction of EM radiations with Earth’s Surface, Types of remote sensing systems, Remote Sensing Observation Platforms, Satellites and their characteristics – Geostationary and sun-synchronous, Earth Resources Satellites, Meteorological satellites, Sensors, Types and their characteristics, Across track and Along track scanning, Applications of Remote Sensing.  


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ELECTROMAGNETIC DISTANCE MEASUREMENT - GEOMATICS


Electromagnetic Distance Measurement (EDM)

This post includes topics like Electromagnetic Waves, Carrier Waves, Black body radiation, Laws of radiation Modulation,Types of EDM Instruments, Electro-optical, Infrared, and Microwave EDM Instruments,Effect of Atmospheric Conditions, The Geodimeter, The Tellurometer, Wild Distomats, Electronic Total Station. 


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PHOTOGRAMMETRY - GEOMATICS

                                                               Photogrammetry

This post includes topics like Introduction, Basic Principles, Photo-Theodolite, Elevation of a Point by Photographic Measurement , Aerial Camera, Vertical Photograph, Tilted Photograph, Scale, Crab and Drift, Flight Planning for Aerial Photography, Ground Control for Photogrammetry, Photomaps and Mosaics, Stereoscopic Vision, Stereoscopic parallax, Stereoscopic Plotting Instruments, Applications.



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Sunday, 16 March 2014

EARTH PRESSURE (FOUNDATION ENGINEERING/SOIL MECHANICS)

                Earth Pressure



This post includes topics related to earth pressure theories such asTerms and symbols used for a retaining wall. Movement of all and the lateral earth pressure. Earth pressure at rest. Rankine states of plastic equilibrium, Ka and Kp for horizontal backfills. Rankine’s theory both for active and passive earth pressure for Cohesionless backfill with surcharge and fully submerged case. Cohesive backfill condition. Coulomb's method for cohesion less backfill. Merits and demerits of Ranking and Coulomb's theories, Culmann’s graphical construction (without surcharge load).

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Sunday, 15 December 2013

FRAMED STRUCTURE - INTRODUCTION

INTRODUCTION TO FRAMED STRUCTURE
A framed structure consists of a series of frames, formed of columns or pillars or stanchions which are connected by means of beams at floor level and roof levels. Walls are constructed within these frames. These walls are connected and known as panel walls or in fillings. Thus the loads of the floors, roofs and panel walls are supported by the beams which in turn, transmit the loads to the columns and these in turn carry the whole weight of the structure to the foundations.
Materials used for the framed structures are, wood, steel and R.C.C. Wood is used for light - framed structures. For multistorey buildings, frames of mild steel or R.C.C. are
formed.In case of light - framed structures, panel walls can be replaced by cladding panels. Cladding is a term which is used to denote comparatively thin sheets required to enclose the framework. This cladding may be asbestos cement sheets, corrugated galvanized iron sheets, copper sheets, thin concrete slabs, panels of glass or wood, tiles etc.

ADVANTAGES OF FRAMED STRUCTURES:
1. THIN PANELS:- It can be easily seen that in case of a framed structures, a beam has to support a wall between the adjacent columns and the beam immediately above it, irrespective of the height of the building. The maximum height of wall that a beam has to support would be that of storey height. This
results in thin panels which incidentally increases the floor area. The external walls should only be sufficiently thick to withstand weather conditions & have required heat & sound insulation. The internal walls should be sufficiently thick to have heat & sound insulation.
2. SPEED IN CONSTRUCTION:-It is possible to achieve speed in construction in case of a framed structure. The construction of framework of the upper floors & finishing of the lower floors can be carried out simultaneously. Thus, it is
possible to execute several building trades in a building at the same time.
3. FREEDOM OF PLANNING:- A framed structure permits greater freedom in planning. Large open spaces can be easily provided in the building & provisions of open walls can be suitably changed to meet the requirements at any time.
4.USE OF PROPER MATERIALS:- A framed structure divides the members of building into two groups: load bearing & non-load bearing. Materials of inferior quality can be used for the latter members where strength is not the main
consideration.
5.BETTER RESISTANCE TO VIBRATIONS:- It is found that framed structures can resist vibrations effectively. Hence, framed structures are useful for factory buildings & also for places subjected to earthquakes.
6. UNRELIABLE SOILS:- For made up & unreliable soils & for pile foundations, framed structures are found to be more suitable & less expensive than ordinary walled structures.
7.ECONOMY IN CONSTRUCTION:- The advantages of the framed
structures, mentioned above, lead to overall economy in the construction of of a structure. Hence, the present day tendency or to adopt framed structures as for as possible.

PARTS OF FRAMED STRUCTURES:
1. Foundation
2. Tie Beams
3. Columns
4. Beams
5. Roof Slabs
6. Chhajja projections